As a profession, teaching provides new challenges and rewards every day. Teachers in New York, on average, also make one of the highest teaching salaries in the country, with the average high school teacher earning more than $80,000 a year.
Teachers in New York, on average, also make one of the highest teaching salaries in the country, with the average high school teacher earning more than $80,000 a year.
Teaching in NY state can be rewarding and engaging, but becoming a New York teacher requires a major commitment of time and resources. Teachers must meet educational and experience requirements set by the state in order to earn a teaching certificate; each state sets its own teaching license requirements. In order to work at the K-12 level in New York, educators must hold a valid NY teaching certificate. The New York State Education Department manages the certification process, which requires students to earn a bachelor’s degree, complete a teacher-preparation program, receive passing test scores, and submit to fingerprinting. New York teaching programs help aspiring teachers meet state requirements.
Learners seeking degree opportunities with increased flexibility and accessibility can also begin to fulfil NY teaching certification requirements by earning an online teaching degree.
How Do I Become a Teacher in NY?
Because each state sets its own teacher certificate requirements, licenses do not automatically transfer across state lines. Like many other states, NY state teaching certification requirements include at least a four-year degree, teacher training, and sitting for several examinations. New York teaching programs help individuals meet these requirements. Graduates with a non-teaching bachelor’s degree can also obtain a transitional license while completing teacher-preparation requirements.
New York provides multiple certificate options for classroom teachers, depending on their educational background and teaching level. As a member of the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, which eases the process of transferring teaching licenses to other states, New York provides a simplified pathway to certification for out-of-state licensed teachers who have three or more years of experience. Alternatively, teachers considering moving out of New York should check their new state’s licensing requirements.
Elementary and secondary teachers in New York state must hold a bachelor’s degree and complete a teacher-preparation program. Approved teacher-preparation programs fulfil the requirements for a NY teaching license, which includes completing a student-teaching experience.
A bachelor’s in teaching typically requires undergraduates to complete about 120 credits of coursework, which takes approximately four years. Students complete general education coursework in addition to major-related requirements, such as classes covering a student’s specialization, teacher preparation, and best teaching practices. Earning a master’s in teaching allows current teachers to increase their salaries or pursue new career paths; most master’s programs require two years of additional study.
Teachers licensed in other states with at least three years of certified public school teaching experience can submit evaluation ratings to earn a New York license.
All licensed teachers in New York must also complete at least 40 days of student teaching. As part of this requirement, a student’s mentor must be certified in their specialization or a related area. Students enrolled in out-of-state teaching programs can check and see whether their student teaching experience meets the requirements of New York state.
New York does not offer full reciprocity with other states; however, the New York State Education Department does provide guidelines for applicants from out-of-state. Teachers licensed in other states with at least three years of certified public school teaching experience can submit evaluation ratings to earn a New York license, while graduates from out-of-state programs without experience can apply for initial teacher certification. New York also provides transitional certificates for qualified professionals who hold a bachelor’s degree in a non-teaching major while they work towards completing an approved teacher-preparation program.
Graduates who earn an associate degree can teach at the pre-K level, work at a daycare or child care center, or serve as a paraprofessional or teacher’s aide. An associate degree in teaching also prepares graduates to enter many bachelor’s in teaching programs.
Common Courses for Teaching Degrees in New York
Associate Degree in Teaching
|Foundations of Teaching||Introductory courses on teaching and the U.S. education system cover best teaching practices and the overall role of public education.|
|Early Childhood Education||Early childhood education courses focus on teaching children eight years of age and younger. Topics include theories of child development and early learning experiences.|
|Visual Arts||The arts play an important role in education. Visual arts-related coursework covers methods of expressing creativity through art and the theories behind art in curricula.|
Bachelor's Degree in Teaching
|Foundations of American Education||This class examines the history and organization of public education, including student evaluation, technology in the classroom, and interdisciplinary planning.|
|Curriculum and Instruction||Courses on curriculum and instruction analyze the goals and objectives of education, teaching and learning theories, and instruction in basic content areas.|
|Literacy and Comprehension||Teachers at all levels emphasize literacy and comprehension. This class covers theories and methods of literacy development, as well as instructional planning and assessment.|
Master's Degree in Teaching
|Inclusive Teaching||Coursework on inclusive teaching discusses the best practices for teaching diverse groups of learners and creating a welcoming learning environment that treats human diversity as a resource.|
|Special Education||Graduate-level coursework in special education covers research literature, methodologies, and methods of implementing best practices for special education.|
|Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages||Coursework on ESOL focuses on the methods and materials used to teach English to non-native speakers, including content-based instruction and assessments.|
How to Get a Teaching Certificate in New York
The New York State Education Department issues teaching certificates to qualified applicants who want to teach at the K-12 level in a New York school. The state provides several pathways enabling individuals to become classroom teachers. Earning an initial license after completing a New York state-registered program, or a teacher-preparation program located outside of the state, is the most common option.
All licensed teachers in the state must hold a bachelor’s degree. After graduating from a teaching program registered with the state of New York, individuals can apply for an initial certificate. Applicants must pass several tests as part of the certification process; the state recently changed its testing process in 2014. Teachers complete their required tests through the New York State Teacher Examinations office. Exams include the Educating All Students (EAS) test; the edTPA, which is a performance-based assessment that attempts to measure skills and knowledge; and any required content specialty tests. Tests typically cost between $100 and $300. In addition to passing the required examinations, applicants must complete a fingerprint clearance and a workshop.
Out-of-state graduates with a teaching degree must meet the same requirements as New York graduates, with some additional requirements. For example, they must have earned a minimum 2.5 GPA at the undergraduate level and complete additional workshops that cover New York teacher-preparation program materials. The state also offers alternative teacher certificates for second-career professionals who have yet to complete a teacher-preparation program.
The application for NY state teaching certification costs $50 for graduates of a New York teacher-preparation program and $100 for out-of-state graduates. Substitute teachers also need a special certificate. After holding an initial certificate for five years, teachers can apply for a professional certificate. Teachers at the professional level must complete a certain number of professional development hours during each five-year registration period.
Choosing a Degree Program in New York
With so many teaching schools in NYC, students should be able to find a teaching program that matches their academic interests and career goals. Additionally, prospective students considering online programs have even more options. By evaluating factors such as cost, location, average time to graduation, student teaching requirements, and available teaching specializations, future teachers can narrow down their choices.
New York requires aspiring teachers to gain field experience to earn teaching certification
Cost and location typically play a large role in finding the right teaching program. New York residents may benefit from in-state tuition rates and certain scholarships for teaching programs at State University of New York (SUNY) or City University of New York (CUNY) schools. Online programs may also provide in-state tuition rates for nonresidents. Location can also play an important role in student-teaching placements and determine whether a program meets NY state teaching certification requirements. Because New York requires aspiring teachers to gain field experience to earn teaching certification, students should check and see whether a program’s requirements meet the minimum standards in New York. Certain specializations, such as special education, may require students to complete additional courses.
Current teachers pursuing a graduate degree for career advancement may benefit from the flexibility of an online program; distance learning often allows students to attend classes part-time while they continue to work.
Can You Earn a Teaching Degree Online in New York?
All teachers must complete a bachelor’s degree and a teacher-preparation program; many online teaching degrees fulfil these requirements. Although the process varies slightly depending on whether a teacher earned their online bachelor’s degree from an approved New York school or through an out-of-state program, graduates with an accredited degree should be able to obtain teaching certification. The New York Education Department provides information on online teaching programs that meet the state’s teacher-preparation requirements.
Students attending an out-of-state teacher-preparation program should ensure that their institution meets the teaching requirements in NY. Educators with an out-of-state degree may be required to complete additional training to meet New York’s specific requirements. While online teaching programs typically allow learners to complete their student-teaching experience locally, individuals should double check that a program’s requirements meet state guidelines. Additionally, all institution’s must hold regional accreditation, and a program must lead to certification in its home state. An unaccredited institution or an out-of-state satellite campus may not meet state requirements.
Directory of Teaching Schools in New York
Paying for Your Teaching Degree in New York
A bachelor’s or master’s degree in teaching can easily cost thousands of dollars. However, students pursuing a teaching degree have access to several financial aid options to help reduce the cost of tuition. New York provides a number of scholarships specifically for teaching students, and teachers can also apply to loan forgiveness programs. However, many scholarships and loan forgiveness programs carry teaching-related requirements. For example, students may need to commit to teaching for a certain number of years at a low-income school or in a high-need field.
All prospective teaching students should fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), which determines a student’s eligibility for financial aid. The FAFSA office provides loans, grants, and work-study opportunities for eligible students. The federal government also offers loan forgiveness and cancellation programs for teachers.
Individual schools and teaching programs provide additional scholarships and/or financial incentives for students. In many cases, colleges or universities automatically consider students for aid, while others may require learners to complete a separate application. Current teachers or working professionals planning a career change can take advantage of tuition reimbursement programs through their work; these may also help cover the cost of earning a degree.
Loan Forgiveness for New York Teachers
A loan forgiveness program repays or discharges student loans based on a graduate’s professional contributions. Teachers often qualify for loan forgiveness programs if they work at a low-income school or in a high-need educational area. To find federal loan forgiveness programs, teachers can look up qualifying schools in the Teacher Cancellation Low Income Directory.
At the federal level, teachers can participate in the Teacher Loan Forgiveness Program, offered through the Federal Student Aid Office. The program provides up to $17,500 in loan forgiveness for direct subsidized and unsubsidized loans, as well as subsidized and unsubsidized Stafford loans. Teachers may qualify if they teach for five consecutive years in a low-income school or a qualifying educational agency.
Teachers with Perkins loans can also participate in the Perkins Loan Teacher Cancellation program, which discharges up to 100% of federal Perkins loans for teachers who work in low-income schools, special education teachers, and teachers working in a field with a shortage of qualified educators. While meeting these teaching obligations, eligible Perkins loan recipients may also qualify for loan deferment.
Teach NYC also provides a loan forgiveness program for newly hired New York City public school teachers in high-need disciplines, such as bilingual special education or educators working with pupils who have speech, language, or visual disabilities.
Scholarships for New York Teaching Students
New York students pursuing a career in teaching benefit from several scholarship programs. Some of these awards target future teachers in high-need fields, including math, science, and bilingual education. The state also provides full-tuition scholarships for teachers working on a master’s degree. Some scholarships require that recipients teach for a minimum number of years in New York.
Teach NYC Scholarship Full Tuition
Who Can Apply: The Teach NYC program funds graduate degrees for teachers in fields including bilingual special education and speech language pathology. Recipients must agree to teach at a New York City public school. The award covers tuition at participating institutions. View Scholarship
Math and Science Teacher Incentive Program $6,470
Who Can Apply: New York offers scholarships to students training to become math and science teachers at the secondary level. Recipients must attend a New York state college or university, and they must agree to teach math or science in the state for at least five years. View Scholarship
TEACH Grant $4,000
Who Can Apply: The federal Teacher Education Assistance for College and Higher Education Grant program provides funding for teachers in training who agree to teach in a high-need field at a school serving low-income students. Recipients who do not meet the teaching obligation must repay the grant as a loan. View Scholarship
Masters-in-Education Teacher Incentive Scholarship Program Full Tuition
Who Can Apply: New York state’s Masters-in-Education Teacher Incentive program provides full-tuition scholarships for New York residents who agree to teach in the state for at least five years. Recipients must attend a SUNY or CUNY college or university. View Scholarship
Mayor’s Graduate Scholarship Program Full Tuition
Who Can Apply: NYC’s Mayor’s Graduate Scholarship Program provides funding for New York City employees, including those working in the public school system, to earn a master’s degree while they work. View Scholarship
Bilingual Pupil Services Full Tuition
Who Can Apply: The BPS program allows recipients to teach in New York City while earning a bachelor’s degree in bilingual education. The program covers college tuition at participating institutions. View Scholarship
Job Outlook and Salary for Teachers in New York
|Location||Employment||Annual Mean Wage|
New York state employs nearly 700,000 teachers who work with children from the preschool level to 12th grade. On average, teachers in New York earn $65,870 per year, which is well above the average teacher’s salary in the U.S. Teacher salaries in the state depend on several factors, including the position, education level, and location.
As shown in the table below, preschool teachers in New York earn the lowest average salary, receiving just under $42,000 annually. However, preschool teachers do not need a teaching license or a bachelor’s degree. Kindergarten teachers earn an average income of $72,510, while elementary and middle school teachers make around $78,000. Secondary school teachers earn the highest average wages at $81,410 annually.
Teachers in New York earn higher salaries if they hold a graduate degree. Many districts increase wages for teachers who complete graduate teaching credits. Salaries vary by district, and teachers in metropolitan areas often earn higher wages than teachers working in rural districts.
|Elementary School Teachers||$77,330|
|Middle School Teachers||$78,060|
|Secondary School Teachers||$81,410|
Frequently Asked Questions About Teaching in New York
How do I get certified to teach in New York??
In New York, teachers must hold a bachelor’s degree; complete a teacher-preparation program; and pass several exams, including a teacher performance assessment, the Educating All Students test, and content speciality tests. Teachers must also submit to fingerprinting and complete a workshop related to their field.
What is the average salary for a teacher in New York?
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, teachers in New York earn an average of $65,870 per year. This is significantly higher than the national average of $54,520.
How long does it take to get a teaching certificate in New York?
The first step toward earning a New York teaching certificate is completing the educational requirements. A bachelor’s degree requires an average of four years to complete, while a master’s degree requires two additional years of study.
Do you need to be certified to be a substitute teacher in NY?
New York state does not require that substitute teachers hold a teacher certification. However, uncertified substitutes can only work a maximum of 40 days per school year. Substitute teachers in longer-term positions must have a state certificate or be working toward completing the educational requirements for a certificate. NYC teaching requirements state that full-time substitute teachers do need a substitute teaching license.
Resources for Teachers in New York
- New York State Education Department In addition to managing the teacher certification and licensing process, the New York State Education Department provides information about education areas, state standards and curricula, and statewide assessment tests. Its mission is to raise the knowledge, skill, and opportunity of everyone in New York.
- EngageNY EngageNY provides a wealth of resources, including curriculum material for pre-K-12 teachers in the areas of mathematics and language arts. The organization also hosts a professional development library to help teachers advance throughout their careers. All users can access these resources for free.
- NYS Teacher Centers New York State Resource and Computer Training Centers provide resources and training for teachers through 125 centers located throughout the state. These centers provide professional learning opportunities and link teachers with state and national associations. Each center operates locally but receives regional and statewide support.
- New York State ASCD The New York State Association of Supervision and Curriculum Development advocates for teachers and provides research-based programs and resources for members, including access to newsletters, regional workshops and institutes, and a large professional network.
- NYSUT Affiliated with the American Federation of Teachers and the National Education Association, New York State United Teachers is a teachers’ union with more than 600,000 members. NYSUT advocates for teachers, their working conditions, and quality education.
Like most states, New York requires that all state teachers hold a bachelor's degree, complete a New York teacher certification program, and pass the required content examinations. Upon meeting the requirements for certification, an applicant may be issued an initial certificate, which is valid for five years.How do I get my teaching license in New York? ›
- Earn a bachelor's degree from an accredited institution.
- Complete a state-approved teacher preparation program.
- Pass required New York state teaching exams. ...
- Complete mandatory New York state child safety workshops.
New York State requires that all teachers, school leaders (administrators), and pupil personnel service providers who are employed or wish to become employed in the State's public schools hold a New York State certificate.How long is the New York teacher certification Program? ›
As long as you continually complete the required hours of professional development (see http://www.highered.nysed.gov/tcert/certificate/maintaincert-prof.html), 175 hours every five years, your professional certificate is permanent.Can you teach in New York without a teaching degree? ›
To teach in New York, candidates must earn a bachelor's degree and/or complete a teacher preparation program and pass state certification exams. All teachers, administrators, and pupil personnel service providers at K-12 public schools in New York require certification through NYSED.What is required to teach in NY? ›
Like most states, New York requires that all state teachers hold a bachelor's degree, complete a New York teacher certification program, and pass the required content examinations. Upon meeting the requirements for certification, an applicant may be issued an initial certificate, which is valid for five years.What are the requirements for teaching in NYS? ›
- BA/BS in teaching.
- Certification exams.
- Fingerprint clearance.
- Initial certification.
- Mentored teaching.
- Earn master's degree.
- Obtain professional certification.
- Earn tenure.
The Initial Certificate is the entry-level teaching certificate for anyone who has completed a New York State teacher preparation program, or equivalent coursework and experience. The Initial Certificate is valid for five years.Can you substitute teach in NY without a degree? ›
New York state does not have a minimum educational requirement for substitute teachers, but some schools, districts, and substitute teacher companies do. For example, Swing Education requires all of its New York substitute teachers to hold a bachelor's degree.
High school graduates who want certification in New York state must earn a bachelor's degree with a minimum GPA of 2.5 from a state-registered teacher preparation program.
- Offered Computer based.
- Register and preparation materials at NYSTCE.
- Fee $80.
- Minimum Passing Score 500 (Score range 400-600) until revised EAS is operational then passing score returns to 520.
- Test Length - 2 hours, 15 minutes.
For 2021-22, starting salaries for teachers range from $61,070 (bachelor's degree, no prior teaching experience) to $83,972 (master's degree, eight years teaching experience, without additional coursework).Does a NYS teaching license expire? ›
Teaching Certification Renewal
Your Professional Certificate is valid indefinitely so long as you maintain the professional development (PD) standards of the New York State Department of Education during each five-year block.
Although the application process for teaching jobs in NYC is generally competitive, there are many opportunities available, especially if you teach a high-demand subject, such as science, math, or languages, or are interested in teaching in a high-needs area of the city.Is there a teacher shortage in NYC? ›
Help can't come soon enough, since state officials say New York will need more than 180,000 teachers in the next decade. The bill is currently in committee in the Assembly. Crisis in the Classroom is a weekly segment in which CBS 6 investigates issues faced by educators, students, and families.How much do substitute teachers make in NYC per day? ›
The daily rate of pay, effective May 14, 2021 is $199.27. Substitute Paraprofessionals: Effective May 14, 2021, the daily pay rate for a substitute paraprofessional is $166.67 based on a workday of (6) hours and fifty (50) minutes, inclusive of lunch. The student day ends after 6 hours and 20 minutes.Which of the following are tests required for teacher certification in NY state? ›
Candidates for initial certification in New York State are required to pass two assessments: Educating All Students (EAS) and a Content Specialty Test in the certification area (CST).How many days of student teaching does NY require? ›
at least two college-supervised student-teaching experiences of at least 20 school days each; and the student teaching of the special subject shall include both settings, pre-kindergarten through grade 6 and grades 7 through 12; or.Is a Masters in Education the same as a Masters in teaching? ›
The primary distinction is that the master's in teaching focuses more directly on teaching and classroom management. In contrast, the master's in education is a broader degree, applicable to a classroom career but also to jobs in administration, curriculum development, and education policy.Which states have teacher certification reciprocity with New York? ›
At its April 2022 meeting, the New York State Board of Regents voted to eliminate the edTPA requirement for teacher certification. The edTPA is no longer a certification requirement as of April 27, 2022.What certifications do you need to teach in private school in New York from out of state? ›
Endorsement of a Classroom Teaching Certificate: You must have a valid, comparable teaching certificate AND have completed three or more years of certified public school teaching experience in other U.S. State(s) or Territory(ies) in the subject of your application.Can I teach something I don't have a degree in? ›
If you're passionate about becoming a teacher but lack a degree in education, a teaching certification program is your best option. A teaching certificate will provide the necessary coursework and student teaching experience to prepare you for state certification.What qualifications do you need to be a substitute teacher in New York? ›
Experience. No experience is necessary if you work fewer than 40 days per school year in any one New York school district. If you work a long-term position (more than 40 days per school year), you must have either student teaching experience or teaching experience under a New York teaching certificate.Do NYC substitute teachers get benefits? ›
Per Diem Substitute Teachers do not receive any benefits. Holidays and Vacation time is unpaid.What type of education training does an elementary school teacher need in NY? ›
To become an elementary school teacher in New York, one must acquire a teaching certificate in the field of childhood education (grades 1-6). The minimum educational requirement for this is a bachelor's degree with the completion of a state-approved education program in childhood education.Does NY require the Praxis? ›
Which Praxis exam do I need to take? The New York State Master Teacher Program requires the Content Knowledge Praxis II exam. Applicants should register to take the Praxis exam in the subject that they primarily teach (and that you select in your application).How many questions are on the Nystce exam? ›
The NYSTCE EAS (201) exam contains 40 selected-response (SR) questions and 3 constructed-response (CR) questions, and you will be given a time limit of 2 hours and 15 minutes.What is the score range for the Nystce exam? ›
Interpreting the Total Test Scores
The results for each of these NYSTCE tests are reported as a score in the range from 400 to 600. The minimum passing score for each test is 520. A candidate with a total test score of 520 or above passes the test. A candidate with a total test score below 520 does not pass the test.
New York leads the nation in teacher pay with an average salary of $80,286, according to WalletHub.
As of May 19, 2023, the average annual pay for a Teacher in New York is $33,341 a year.How much do elementary teachers get paid in New York? ›
Elementary School Teachers with this license earn +10.21% more than the average base salary, which is $23.60 per hour.
All students in K-12 must attend and participate in a physical education program. All pupils in grades K-3 shall attend and participate in physical education on a daily basis (120 minutes per calendar week exclusive of any time that may be required for dressing and showering for K-6 buildings).How do I renew my teaching license in New York? ›
You can apply for renewal online. If you do not finish 175 hours of PD every 5 years, your teaching license can be revoked. You can request an extension of your license under certain circumstances. You can apply for an extension online.How long does a Texas teaching license last? ›
If you hold a standard educator certificate you must renew it every five years.How many hours do NYC teachers work? ›
I believe this to be a pretty fair estimate for many teachers. What is more, these work hours – 42.3 hours per workweek – are far above the average workweek as measured by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics – 34.3 hours per week.How bad is the teacher shortage in New York? ›
New York. NewsNation-affiliate WTEN reports that New York is expected to need 180,000 new teachers in the next decade, but there may not be enough teachers to fill those roles.Does New York need teachers? ›
As state officials estimate New York will need more than 180,000 new teachers in the next decade, the teacher shortage is already hitting selected subject specialties and geographic areas. Big city and rural districts are reporting severe shortages in many subject areas.What type of teacher is in highest demand? ›
Which teaching subject is most in demand? While specific needs vary by institution, science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) are subjects that are always in high demand.How many NYC teachers quit? ›
Indeed, according to the United Federation of Teachers, 45 percent of all New York City teachers either quit the profession entirely in their first five years on the job or leave for a teaching position outside the city public school system.
Georgia had the highest number of vacancies (3,112) for the 2019-2020 school year. More recently, during the 2021-2022 school year, Florida had the most vacancies with 3,911 positions unfulfilled. That same school year, Mississippi and Alabama had over 3,000 vacancies.Where do substitute teachers make the most money? ›
- School Professionals. 3.9 $1,132per day. ...
- New York City Department of Education. 3.9 $252per day. ...
- San Francisco Unified School District. 3.7 $248per day. ...
- Los Angeles Unified School District. 4.0 $226per day. ...
- Cross Country Education. 4.1 $217per day. ...
- Show more companies.
New York state does not have a minimum educational requirement for substitute teachers, but some schools, districts, and substitute teacher companies do. For example, Swing Education requires all of its New York substitute teachers to hold a bachelor's degree.
The New York State Education Department does not issue substitute teaching certificates. Substitute teachers fall into one of the three following categories. Substitute teachers with a valid teaching certificate can work in any capacity, for any number of days.Which of the following are tests required for teacher certification in NY State? ›
Candidates for initial certification in New York State are required to pass two assessments: Educating All Students (EAS) and a Content Specialty Test in the certification area (CST).How much are the NYS teaching exams? ›
The Educating All Students NYSTCE exam is required for all individuals pursuing their initial teaching certification. This test costs $92.What comes after initial certification for teachers in NY? ›
The Initial Certificate is valid for five years. The Professional Certificate is an advanced certificate for teachers who have a master's degree and three years of teaching experience, and complete 175 hours of professional development every five years.What is a passing score on NYS teacher certification? ›
NYSTCE scores are broken up into two scoring categories. They are either on a scale of 100-300 points with a passing score of 220, or on a scale of 400-600 with a passing score of 520. The vast majority of tests will fall into the 400-600 category.What states can you teach in with NYS certification? ›
A student teaching or practicum experience of at least a full semester of at least 14 weeks in length, full-time, in an educational setting, and in alignment with the daily schedule and annual calendar of that educational setting; provided that candidates pursuing more than one certificate title may complete two ...
Reissued general credentials, standard credentials, and Ryan credentials expire five calendar years following the issuance date. Dependent clear credentials are normally issued for five years but by statute cannot have an expiration date that exceeds the expiration date of the prerequisite credential.